real story of durga maa

The Durga puja is an occasion of major private and public festivities in the eastern and northeastern states of India. I rouse and order battle for the people, I created Earth and Heaven and reside as their Inner Controller. Durga Puja also includes the worship of Shiva, who is Durga's consort, in addition to Lakshmi, Saraswati, Ganesha and Kartikeya, who are considered to be Durga's children. It is also believed that she is the power behind the creation, destruction and preservation of the world. [42] She appears in Harivamsa in the form of Vishnu's eulogy, and in Pradyumna prayer. Left: Durga as buffalo-demon slayer from a 6th century Aihole Hindu temple, Karnataka; Right: in Mahabalipuram, Tamil Nadu. There are many epithets for Durga in Shaktism and her nine appellations are (Navadurga): Shailaputri, Brahmacharini, Chandraghanta, Kushmanda, Skandamata, Katyayini, Kaalratri, Mahagauri and Siddhidatri. Other meanings may include: "the one who cannot be accessed easily",[28] "the undefeatable goddess". [29], The word Durga and related terms appear in the Vedic literature, such as in the Rigveda hymns 4.28, 5.34, 8.27, 8.47, 8.93 and 10.127, and in sections 10.1 and 12.4 of the Atharvaveda. [34][35][note 2].

One of the devotees of her form as Kali was Sri Ramakrishna who was the guru of Swami Vivekananda.

Her icon shows her in action, yet her face is calm and serene. [85] In the Ellora Caves, the Jain temples feature Durga with her lion mount. Thunderbolt: Maa Durga holds thunderbolt in one of her hands which is symbolic of invincibility and … [50], Some early European accounts refer to a deity known as Deumus, Demus or Deumo. [90], In Cambodia, during its era of Hindu kings, Durga was popular and numerous sculptures of her have been found. Her icons in major Hindu temples such as in Varanasi include relief artworks that show scenes from the Devi Mahatmya.

[62] She has been revered by warriors, blessing their new weapons. [45][46] The Devi Upanishad and other Shakta Upanishads, mostly dated to have been composed in or after the 9th century, present the philosophical and mystical speculations related to Durga as Devi and other epithets, identifying her to be the same as the Brahman and Atman (self, soul). [51], The most popular legend associated with the goddess is of her killing of Mahishasura. [67], Durga is worshipped in Hindu temples across India and Nepal by Shakta Hindus. This hymn is also called the Devi Suktam hymn (abridged):[39][40]. buffalo demon). A list of 108 names of the goddess is recited in order to worship her and is popularly known as the "Ashtottarshat Namavali of Goddess Durga". Durga (Sanskrit: दुर्गा, IAST: Durgā), is identified as the principal Hindu goddess of war, strength and protection. [91], Durga statues have been discovered at stone temples and archaeological sites in Vietnam, likely related to Champa or Cham dynasty era.

They know it not, yet I reside in the essence of the Universe. The prominence of Durga puja increased during the British Raj in Bengal. Goddess Durga is considered by Hindus as the mother of the universe. [56][57] In Hindu arts, this tranquil attribute of Durga's face is traditionally derived from the belief that she is protective and violent not because of her hatred, egotism or getting pleasure in violence, but because she acts out of necessity, for the love of the good, for liberation of those who depend on her, and a mark of the beginning of soul's journey to creative freedom. At last, Durga slayed Mahishasura when he was transforming as a buffalo. According to Monier Monier-Williams, Durga is derived from the roots dur (difficult) and gam (pass, go through).

Durga is revered after spring and autumn harvests, specially during the festival of Navratri. [89] In parts of Java, she is known as Loro Jonggrang (literally, "slender maiden"). During Dashain, Durga is worshipped in ten forms (Shailaputri, Brahmacharini, Chandraghanta, Kushmanda, Skandamata, Katyayani, Kalaratri, Mahagauri, Mahakali and Durga) with one form for each day in Nepal.

[28] While the Vedic literature uses the word Durga, the description therein lacks the legendary details about her that is found in later Hindu literature. [5][6][7] The Mythology centres around combating evils and demonic forces that threaten peace, prosperity, and Dharma the power of good over evil. [60] These include chakra, conch, bow, arrow, sword, javelin, shield, and a noose. They begged Shiva for his assistance, and Shiva advised all the gods to release their shaktis. [92][93], Durga is a major goddess in Hinduism, and the inspiration of Durga Puja – a large annual festival particularly in the eastern and northeastern states of India.[94]. According to a legend the gods could not defeat the buffalo demon Mahish, who was threatening the existence of the universe. [87] According to Eleanor Nesbitt, this view has been challenged by Sikhs who consider Sikhism to be monotheistic, who hold that a feminine form of the Supreme and a reverence for the Goddess is "unmistakably of Hindu character". For the radio programme, see, "Demus" redirects here.

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