Access to the Volga is key for market efficiency and economic diversity of the landlocked states of Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, and Turkmenistan. Its transport fleet has 51 vessels: 20 tankers, 13 ferries, 15 universal dry cargo vessels, 2 Ro-Ro vessels, as well as 1 technical vessel and 1 floating workshop. Herbaceous vegatation is represented by species of Aristida, Peganum, Agropyron, Anisantha, Eremopyrum. The European portions of the ecoregion consist of Bohn et al.’s (2000) northern lowland dwarf semi-shrub deserts and small areas of floodplain vegetation and coastal and inland halophytic vegetation north of the Caspian Sea. These seals are shallow divers, usually diving 50 meters for around one minute, although they have been recorded diving deeper and longer. Announcing our NEW encyclopedia for Kids! 2000. It is the largest port of the Caspian Sea. Human-made changes, notably those resulting from the construction of dams, reservoirs, and canals on the immense Volga River system (which drains into the Caspian from the north), have affected the contemporary hydrologic balance.
It seems there is no fighting over mates among breeding seals. , Caspian littoral states join efforts to develop infrastructure, tourism and trade in the region. Specially protected coastal and delta areas in this ecoregion include Astrakhan Reserve in Russia, and Khazar (former Krasnovodsk) Reserve in Turkmenistan. The Caspian Sea region is one of the oldest oil-producing areas in the world and is an increasingly important source of global energy production. The Garabogazköl embayment, which dried up when water flow from the main body of the Caspian was blocked in the 1980s but has since been restored, routinely exceeds oceanic salinity by a factor of 10.. It covers an area of about 149,200 square miles (386,400 square km)—larger than the area of Japan—and its surface lies some 90 feet (27 metres) below sea level. More than a dozen countries output more than this top figure. The participants in the meeting agreed to host an investment forum for the Caspian region every two years. Blue-green algae (cyanobacteria) and diatoms constitute the greatest biomass concentrations, and there are several species of red and brown algae. The endemic Caspian seal (Phoca caspica) is one of only two existing freshwater seal species (the other is found in Lake Baikal). Shors (salt pans) 30 to 40 cm thick are often completely devoid of vegetation, exhibiting smooth salt-covered surfaces, that gleam brilliantly in the sunlight (Babaev, 1994). Prepared by: Sergei Ponomarenko, Victor FetReviewed by: 1250 24th Street, N.W. In June 2007, in order to boost his oil-rich country's access to markets, Kazakhstan's President Nursultan Nazarbayev proposed a 700-kilometre (435-mile) link between the Caspian Sea and the Black Sea. Eagles are among the birds of prey (Haliaetus albicilla, Aquila heliaca, Circaetus gallicus).
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